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Study Guide: Software Engineering

Software engineering is a dynamic and evolving field that plays a pivotal role in shaping the digital landscape of our world. As technology continues to advance at an unprecedented pace, the demand for skilled software engineers has never been greater. In this article, we will explore the key aspects of software engineering, its importance in modern society, and the principles that guide the development of robust and efficient software systems.

Software Engineering

Software engineering encompasses the domain of computer science that focuses on the creation, evolution, testing, and upkeep of software applications. Professionals in this field employ engineering principles and programming language expertise to construct software solutions for end users.

Software engineers are involved in the design and creation of diverse applications, ranging from computer games and business software to operating systems, network control systems, and middleware. The field offers numerous career paths, presenting both enjoyable and challenging opportunities. Software engineers have the chance to work across various industries, including large and small businesses, government entities, nonprofit organizations, healthcare establishments, and more. Moreover, the continuous evolution of technology contributes to the increasing demand for software developers. Many companies are also adopting remote work practices, providing software engineers with enhanced flexibility and expanded entry points into the profession.

Entry Requirements

These are the general entry requirements to pursue a software engineering degree.  Entry requirements for some universities may be higher, so do make sure you check the details carefully.


  • A pass with 5 credits including Additional Mathematics  (applicable to Government Matriculation, Pre-U programmes and foundation)

  • A pass with 3 credits including Additional Mathematics (applicable to diploma qualification)

Pathway to Study Software Engineering

This is the general pathway to study software engineering after completing your SPM or IGCSE.

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Step 1: Complete STPM/UEC/Pre-university programme for 1-2 years. You can also opt to be enrolled in Diploma in Software for 2-2.5 years. 

Step 2: Once you graduate with a diploma, you can choose to go straight to the workforce.

Step 3: If you want to pursue a software engineering degree, enrol in a 3-year software engineering degree programme.

Step 4: Once you've completed your degree, you can choose to go straight to the workforce.


Software engineering is a multidisciplinary field that encompasses a wide range of subjects. The specific subjects you learn in software engineering can vary depending on the program and the level of study (e.g., undergraduate or graduate). However, here are some common subjects that are typically covered in software engineering education:


In Malaysia, a software engineering degree takes at least 3 years long to complete and the total anticipated costs for a 3-year software engineering degree might range from RM95,000 to RM120,000. 

In general, most software engineering degrees will require you to study core/compulsory subjects in your 1st year, covering topics such as:

  • Programming Languages

  • Data Structures and Algorithms

  • Database Management Systems

  • Software Design and Architecture

  • Networking and Communication

  • Software Testing and Quality Assurance

  • Cybersecurity

  • Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)

Job Prospects


The field of software engineering offers a wide range of job opportunities across various industries. Here are some common job roles for software engineers:

  • Software Developer

  • Front-End Developer

  • Back-End Developer

  • Mobile App Developer

  • Systems Engineer

  • Cloud Engineer/Architect

  • Machine Learning Engineer

  • Data Engineer

  • Game Developer

  • UI/UX Designer

Universities To Study Software Engineering

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